Elixir vs Go (Golang)

Warning: Undefined variable $postId in /home/suavlbgf/public_html/wp-content/themes/x/framework/views/icon/content.php on line 36
May 8, 2024

Home » Blog » Web Development » Elixir Vs Go (Golang): Best Choice For Your New Project

Elixir Vs Go (Golang): Best Choice For Your New Project

Elixir Vs Go (Golang)


Did you know, there are a whopping 9000 coding languages created as of now? 

Every software development project sustains on the back of the programming language. Therefore, the choice of the coding language significantly impacts the success of a software project. 

Selecting the right language might be the only difference that makes an application successful and another failure due to scalability and performance issues. 

Imagine making a great ship but the sails are as thin as paper. The wrong choice of programming language is like the paper-thin sails for your awesome ship project. It has become even more important to make the right decision in today’s fast-paced IT industry.  

Read More: Hardest Programming Languages To Learn

The realm of coding languages is quite vast.

Of which Elixir and Go (Golang) are two powerhouse development languages – each having a different set of highlights and challenges. 

Elixir has its origins firmly rooted in Erlang’s concurrency architecture and offers unparalleled fault tolerance and scalability. On the other hand, Golang has easy-to-use syntax and lightning-fast performance.

Focusing on these two languages, let’s explore Elixir vs Go (Golang) in detail. 

What is Elixir Language?

Elixir is more than just another coding language. It is a tool for creating fault-tolerant, highly concurrent systems. Elixir was developed by José Valim in 2011 on the tried-and-true Erlang VM. The Erlang VM is known for powering the infrastructure of telecommunications and maintaining high uptime.  

Elixir – Key Features  

Elixir is a unique coding language offering an ideal fusion of the well-known, Ruby-inspired syntax and functional programming. However, the real USP of Elixir is its concurrency architecture which enables thousands of lightweight operations to run simultaneously.

  • Unparalleled Concurrency: Elixir is perfect for the implementation of real-time applications like chat servers or IoT devices because of its lightweight processes. It allows you to manage hundreds of concurrent connections easily.
  • Fault Tolerance: In Elixir projects, the idea of “let it crash” is used. This technique makes sure that faults are separated and handled effectively while allowing the system to function normally even in case of a failure.
  • Phoenix Framework: If you are short on time and need to execute a web application development project really fast – Elixir’s Phoenix framework is the way to go. This framework is popular for its productivity, reliability, and speed. 

Elixir – Successful Implementations

Elixir is not just a language – but a demonstration of high fault tolerance and scalability. 

There are many business giants that are built on elixir due to its ability to manage massive loads. Some examples of successful implementations are as follows. 

  • Discord
  • Bleacher Report 
  • Pinterest  
  • Toyota Connected
  • Whatsapp
  • Financial Times
  • Pepsico
  • Lonely Planet
  • Moz

Elixir – Performance Considerations

Even with an emphasis on concurrency, Elixir maintains high performance. With the Erlang VM’s JIT compilation and optimizations, Elixir code can compete in performance with popular languages like Java or C#. You can also split your workload across different cores or even machines to ensure high performance.  

What is Go Language?

Go or Golang was developed by Ken Thompson, Rob Pike, and Robert Griesemer in 2009 from Google. 

The idea behind the development of this language was to create a language that offers a combination of efficiency of systems programming and ease. Golang is thus characterized by its speed, reliability, and ease of use.

Go – Key Features 

Go is distinguished for its high performance and ease of use. Its minimal and robust syntax makes it easy to write clean and readable code. The concurrency architecture of Goroutines and channels makes the codes highly concurrent and scalable. 

  • Ease of Use: Go is a very simple language for developers to learn and use. It features a simple design and minimalist syntax. Its built-in tools like GoFmt (for code formatting) and GoVet (for identifying bugs) make it even simpler to ensure code consistency. 
  • Concurrency: The lightweight goroutines make writing concurrent code very simple. This language also provides channels for inter-goroutine communication that facilitates the development of highly concurrent systems.
  • Vast Library: Go has a vast standard library that offers all the tools you need to develop reliable and market-ready software. The Go library eliminates third-party dependencies.  

Go – Successful Implementations

Go is the foundation of some of the most prominent and successful software enterprises. Its ease of use, speed, and scalability are some of the reasons why it is used in well-known tech projects. Some popular use cases of Go are as follows.

  • Netflix
  • PayPal
  • Cloudflare
  • Docker
  • Dropbox
  • Soundcloud
  • Uber
  • Walmart
  • Target

Go – Performance Considerations

With regards to performance, Go doesn’t disappoint you. 

With its built-in compiler and static typing, Go code compiles to machine code easily. It ensures lightning-fast performance that competes with popular languages like C or C++. Moreover, Go’s garbage collector and runtime optimizations ensure that your code runs efficiently even with heavy loads. You can also take advantage of the built-in testing framework and race detector of Golang to write reliable and concurrent codes.

Comparative Analysis – Elixir Vs Go (Golang)

Now that we are familiar with the key features and use cases of elixir and Golang, let’s indulge in a comparative analysis of both languages. 

1. Performance Comparison 

In terms of performance, Go and Elixir both have a competitive edge. 

Elixir can easily manage thousands of concurrent connections owing to the concurrency model of Erlang VM. 

Go, however, has a decent performance due to its static typing and compiled nature. It is therefore perfect for applications where speed is the primary concern.  

2. Scalability and Concurrency Features

Concurrency and scalability are strengths of both Elixir and Go in one way or the other.

With its fault-tolerant supervision trees and concurrency algorithm, Elixir serves as an excellent language for developing highly distributed systems that can manage massive loads. 

However, the lightweight goroutines and channels are simple yet effective for writing concurrent code. It is a popular choice for developing cloud-native apps and microservices. 

3. Community Support and Ecosystem

The community support of a programming language is an important factor to consider while making a choice. Go and Elixir both have thriving communities, extensive tools, and library ecosystems. 

The Elixir community is known for being welcoming and inclusive. It offers beginners as well as professional developers a variety of tools to get started. 

Go community, on the other hand, has the back of the IT Giant Google. It has a wide range of libraries and frameworks for easy web application development and building system utilities.  

4. Suitability for Different Mobile App Architectures

The suitability of Elixir and Go for mobile app development depends on the project specifics. 

Elixir Is a good option for the development of real-time applications like chat platforms or online games as it offers scalability and fault tolerance. 

While Go is ideal for developing mobile backends and APIs due to its simplicity and high performance.  



Go (Golang)


High concurrency; slightly slower due to VM

Decent performance due to static typing Fast compilation to machine code

Scalability & Concurrency

Offers fault tolerance and high scalability

Lightweight goroutines, simple to write concurrent codes

Community Support & Ecosystem

Welcoming community for beginners and professionals 

Backed by Google. Extensive standard library

Mobile App Architectures

Suitable for real-time apps 

Mobile backends and API development

Development Priority

Distributed systems with huge loads

Cloud-native apps and microservices

Considerations for Choosing Between Elixir and Go

Choosing the right development language lays the basis for a successful software project. So it is to consider your project requirements to make the right decision. Between Elixir and Go, here are some factors to consider.  

Scalability and Concurrency Requirements: If your project requires managing thousands of concurrent connections or creating fault-tolerant systems – choose Elixir. 

On the other hand, choose Go for developing high-performance, low-latency applications.

  • Performance Needs 

Although Elixir is a powerful concurrency tool, its VM makes the task execution a little bit slower. 

Go, on the other hand, compiles to machine code and offers quicker execution.

  • Developer Familiarity 

If your team members are already skilled in one language, it could be more effective to continue with that. Picking up a new language may require some learning time or you might need to hire software developer for the task. 

However, if the team is up to learn programming languages, it could also serve as a new growth opportunity.

  • Community Support and Ecosystem

Although elixir has an active community. 

Go offers more resources and help because of its large standard library and Google support. 

  • Project Specifics

Consider the particular project requirements and constraints. 

For instance, Elixir is ideal for building real-time applications such as chat platforms, multiplayer games, and IoT systems.  

Go has a competitive edge for cloud-native apps and microservices development. 

Ending Note  

The discussion concludes on which programming language to use – the answer lies in your specific project requirements. 

This detailed analysis of Elixir vs Go (Golang) provides insights into the important features of both languages to help you make an informed decision. 

Carefully evaluate your project’s requirements, team expertise, and long-term goals and choose accordingly to set your software development project up for success.